Children are human beings to whom respect is due, superior to us by reason of their innocence and of the greater possibilities of their future.” - Dr Maria Montessori

Montessori areas of learning:

The maths activities are arranged in a hierarchy of difficulty, so that the child is assisted in finding the materials on his/her own level. Children soon become familiar with the sorting, matching, ordering, sequencing and counting activities, which form the basis for early mathematics.

  The Sensorial Materials of the Montessori Classroom are designed to aid the process of classification. These materials are designed to develop the senses of smell, hearing, vision, touch, taste, and perception,as well as the ability to discriminate between shapes and sizes.

Activities of everyday living such as Spontaneous role play usually occurrs in the practical life area, cultural area and/or during outdoor play. This area includes activities ranging from transferring, spooning to buttoning and lacing. It also includes care of self and courteousness

Children are encouraged to use a wide range of materials in order to express their own ideas and feelings and to construct their individual response to experiences around them. We use various art medium such as paint, glue, crayons and pencils as well as natural and discarded resources, this provide for open-ended exploration of skills. Individual children and occasionally small groups engage in freely-available art and craft activities.

In this area of the Montessori environment the child is being introduced to different cultures and life styles, Cultural activities includes Exploration and care of the environment both inside and outside.This also help the child to understand his role in the world and that he is in fact, a very important part of the whole system.
Special topics including religious festivals, events and occasions help children to learn and recognize differences, and similarities in Cultures.

Children extend their vocabulary and fluency by talking and listening, hearing and responding to stories, songs and rhymes. Every child becomes familiar with books,  both for reference and as a source of stories and pictures. The Montessori Child begins reading when he/she is ready and proceeds at his/her own pace. The Montessori Sandpaper letters provides a phonetic basis for reading. The child hears the sound, sees the shape and prepare his/her muscles for writing by the light tracing of the letter with the fingertips. Many other language exercises for reading and writing practise are found on the classroom shelves.

The role of the Montessori Teacher

The role of a Montessori teacher is one of a guide and observer, whose ultimate goal is to intervene less and less as the child develops. The Montessori teacher is also known as a directress, he/she carefully observes the children in the room to ascertain the developmental needs of each individual child.

The teacher builds an atmosphere of calm, order and joy in the classroom and encourages the children in all their efforts, thus promoting self-confidence and discipline. They then have the task of preparing the environment and the materials in it to meet the various needs of the individual child within the group.

As the child begin to make free choices and interact and discover the materials the teacher facilitates and guides their learning.
As a result a child who experiences a Montessori education is highly motivated and learns to be independent, self-confident and self-disciplined. This makes education a source of pleasure, for them-something to be sought and enjoyed.


There were certain aspects that Dr Montessori believed were very important for a child's natural development. These became the bases of the Montessori Curriculum.

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